While teenage pregnancy is 13% among women who do not legitimize gender violence, it reaches 21% among those who do. This indicates an investigation carried out by Profamilia and Fundación PLAN.
Females should work to be less addictive from men
In April of this year, when Colombia was still in campaigns for the presidency, President Iván Duque launched a rather uncomfortable proposal to reduce adolescent pregnancy in the country. The then candidate of the Uribismo assured that the young women needed work and entrepreneurship so that “idle time does not affect them”. The affirmation, which in principle happened of agache, aroused a lot of nonconformity in social networks, as expected, since it ignored almost completely the role that parents have in teenage pregnancy. (Read here: Duke and the adolescent pregnancy thesis: lower idle time)
Today, with the aim of deepening seriously on the causes of teenage pregnancy, Profamilia and Fundación PLAN published the results of the research “Determinants of pregnancy in adolescents in Colombia: explaining the causes of causes, gender stereotypes and cultural patterns that they favor violence against women. ” A study that took information from the National Survey of Demography and Health – ENDS 2015 and which seeks to understand how perception about one’s gender, masculinity and femininity intersects with pregnancy at an early age.
According to the research, “the percentage of adolescent women who have been or are pregnant is twice as high among those who consider that the active role in sexuality is proper to men (which is explicit in phrases like` men need more sex that women ‘,’ men do not talk about sex, they do it ‘or,’ men are always ready to have sex ‘) and among those who consider that the main role of women is the care of the home (`the women should take care of the house, cook, take care of children’). “
Roles for gender perception regarding adolescent pregnancy
Another sign that indicates that gender perception plays an important role in adolescent pregnancy, is that while adolescent pregnancy is 13% among women who do not legitimize gender violence, it reaches 21% among those who if they do it. (Read here: Every 28 minutes a woman is a victim of gender violence in Colombia)
This perception of gender affirms the study, it is also key in adolescent fatherhood. “The percentage of adolescents who are already parents is twice as high among those who consider that the active role in sexuality is proper to men, those who consider that the main role of women is the care of the home and those who legitimize the violence against women, “explains the investigation. “That men can have sexual relations without establishing emotional ties is associated with stereotypes that generate tolerance toward precocity and promiscuity,” he continues.
More than 14% of women had intercourse at age 15
It should be remembered that, according to the results of the ENDS 2015, in Colombia, while 14% of women had their first sexual intercourse before age 15, in men the percentage increases to 30%. Which indicates that men are the ones who usually initiate sexual relations at a younger age.
Likewise, the information indicates that there is usually a large age gap between teenage mothers and fathers, since “among girls between 13 and 19 who are already mothers, the age of the father of their first child is at least 6 years in 44.6% of cases “. In addition, “in 19.5% of the cases the father was at least 10 years older than the mother and in 4.6% the father is 20 years older”. An age difference that, beyond the figure, may indicate that these relationships lead to forced relationships or violence towards girls and adolescents.
How to reduce adolescent pregnancy
Now, if there is another question that was asked to the candidates in April: what to do to reduce adolescent pregnancy, the research suggests that “it is urgent to reinforce investment in strategies and programs aimed at strengthening education for sexuality with a gender approach from the early ages. This may represent changes in the attitudes of future generations, which will ultimately be reflected in the reduction of teen pregnancy, social inequalities and social exclusion, particularly among girls and younger women. “